Protecting forests means protecting water 'catchments' capacity. In ancient India, people believed that forests were the 'mothers' of rivers and worshipped the sources of these water bodies. The Indus Valley Civilization, that flourished along the banks of the river Indus and other parts of Western and Northern India about 5, years ago, had one of the most sophisticated urban water supply and sewage systems in the world. The fact that the people were well acquainted with hygiene can be seen from the covered drains running beneath the streets found in the ruins at both Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
Another very good example is the well-planned city of Dholavira, on Khadir Between, a low plateau in the Rann in Gujarat. One of the oldest, water harvesting systems is found about km from Pune along Naneghat in the Western Ghats. A large number of tanks were cut in the rocks to provide drinking water to tradesmen who used to travel along this ancient trade route. Each fort in the area had is own water harvesting and storage system in the form of rock-cut cisterns, ponds, tanks and wells that are still in use today.
A large number of forts like Raigad hand tanks that supplied water. In ancient times, houses in parts of western Rajasthan were built so that each had a root top water harvesting system. Rainwater from these rooftops was directed into underground tanks. This system can be seen even today in all the forts, palaces and houses of the region. Underground baked earthen pipes and tunnels to maintain the flow of water for to transport it to distant places, are still functional at Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh, Golkunda and Bijapur in Karnataka, and Aurangabad in Maharashtra.
The most important step in the direction of finding solutions to problems of water and environment conservation is to change people's attitudes and habits which includes each one of us. Conserve water because it is the right thing to do. We can follow some of the simple things that have been listed below and contributed to water conservation.
Try to do one thing each day that will result in saving water. The definition of a meteorological drought in Brazil is different from a meteorological drought in Los Angeles because it hardly ever rains in Los Angeles. A meteorological drought also depends on the regions climate pattern. Other climatic regimes are characterized by a seasonal rainfall pattern, such as the central United States, northern Australia, and West Africa National Drought Mitigation Center, The second stage of drought, agricultural drought, links various characteristics of meteorological drought to agricultural impacts.
Plants depend water from specific weather conditions. The water these plants and crops all lack would lead to soil inadequacy. If this occurs, malnutrition, and famine would thrive because crop production would decrease. This not only affects the consumers- us- but it also affects our economy National Drought Mitigation Center, If a drought continues long enough, it might become a hydrological drought. This is caused by the lack of precipitation in water supplies.
It takes longer for lack precipitation to show up in components stream flow, ground water, and reservoir levels. Changes in land, like deforestation, and construction of dams, change the hydrological characteristics of a river basin National Drought Mitigation Center, It was named for what it did.
Poor agricultural practices and years of sustained drought caused the Dust Bowl. Plains grasslands had been deeply plowed and planted to wheat. During the years when there was adequate rainfall, the land produced bountiful crops. But as the droughts of the early s deepened, the farmers kept plowing and planting and nothing would grow. The ground cover that held the soil in place was gone.
The skies could darken for days, and even the most well sealed homes could have a thick layer of dust on furniture. In some places the dust would drift like snow, covering farms. With the farmers lands destroyed and homes seized in foreclosure, many farm families were forced to leave Rutherford, Dust storms carried millions of tons of dirt from one location to the next. Those caught in the middle of dust storms were left with either damaged lungs or death due to inhalation of dust in the air they were breathing and polluted water they were drinking.
High-speed winds pushed grains of dust into things such as farm equipment, barns, and homes. Cars were damaged beyond repair because of sand and dust clogging up vital parts of the engine. The largest migration of American history was during this period. The Dust Bowl not only affect agriculture, it also had an impact on the economy. Farmers were already in deep trouble for overproduction, but the Dust Bowl made it even harder too sell their crops because they were underground.
They could not sell their crops, hence, they could not pay their banks to keep their homes or even make profit Rutherford, Responding to a Cry for HelpThe Dust Bowl was basically an ultimate example of what could happen to an area when the climate was misunderstood, and poor farming practices were used. However, people became more aware out of this experience.
Many preventative measures were taken to ensure that something of this magnitude would not occur again. These measures have consisted of everything from finding new water sources to taking better care of the soil to controlling the amount of topsoil blown away by the wind Thompson, , After it was discovered that the certain areas of the Great Plains did not receive as much rain as first thought, the farmers looked somewhere else for a source of water.
The main source of irrigation for the Great Plains is the Ogallala Aquifer. The Ogallala Aquifer had been there all the time, but before the Twentieth Century the farmers lacked the technology to make use of it. Eventually they were able to dig wells deep enough.
The first well was dug in , and was less than 50 feet deep. However, the pump was invented which allowed for deeper wells, and greater flows of water. Eventually a form of irrigation called center pivot irrigation was developed. The idea was that the water was pumped out of the ground at one point in the middle of the field, and distributed by a sprinkler system that pivoted around the center point Thompson, , Shortly after the Dust Bowl had an impact on the nation as a whole, the government, under President Roosevelt, began to initiate a serious of measures aimed to cure the damages caused by the Dust Bowl.
Like the most areas surrounding the Dust Bowl affected areas, the Tennessee Valley was hard hit by the sudden drought. The Tennessee Valley Authority was viewed as an opportunity to take natural resources to promote social and agricultural change. The TVA hired workers to construct multi-purpose dams, improve channels, teach soil conservation, and take on watershed reforestation project. The dams constructed by the TVA provided poor farmers and civilians with cheap electricity, flood control, and improved navigation of channels and rivers Thompson, , The Dust Bowl taught farmers new farming methods and techniques.
Perhaps the most valuable lesson learned form the Dust Bowl — take care of the land. Droughts and winds still cause many problems, but most are averted and minimized with proper soil conservation. But one must ask themselves one question, will history repeat itself? TodayLos Angeles is currently in a dilemma.
It is experiencing its very own drought. Since July , downtown Los Angeles has received less than four inches of rain. However, we have learned, from the past, absolutely nothing. People who live actually use even more water than they did before they were told to try not use as much. The Department of Water and Power does not enforce its regulations that forbid watering of lawns during the day and no running car- washing hoses.
In this essay I would like to remark on the past, present, and future of water conservation. We use much more water today than we ever did in the past. With new technologies and fashions, we use more and more water every year.
Yet our supply of water is not changing. Water has gone through the same replenishing cycle since our world began, and we are using more then ever.
Now is the time to make sure we conserve. Small fixes can make a big difference. This could be not leaving the faucet running while brushing teeth, or not allowing a leak to continue unchecked.
However, it is just as important, if not more, to fix the big things. I have personally observed this water being wasted, such as farmers leaving their sprinklers watering crops all day, nonstop, rain or shine. Much could be done to fix this problem such as low-pressure sprinkler systems, rain sensors, and cost-sharing programs that can improve farm water delivery systems. If we use to much to fast, the earth will be unable to replenish her supply quickly enough to fulfill our needs.
We have an obligation to our future. Water is life; the number one necessity for survival. Not only must we conserve now to prevent future problems, we need to teach the coming generations the importance of our water, that they in turn can make sure nothing will ever happen to bring about disaster in the form of water shortage.
As we can see, water conservation is a much larger issue now than it ever was in the past.
Water conservation essay is the paper dedicated to the urgent problem of the contemporary world about the necessity and possible ways of water protection. The importance of the essay is explained by the increase of the amount of consumed water due to the growth of population, household activity and infrastructure, and climate changes.
Drinking Water Shortage and Water Conservation Essay Words | 11 Pages. Water is everywhere. Not only does water surround the continents but also we are mostly made up of water and also need it to survive. If we don’t have access to water it will significantly affect our health.
Water is a part of our daily life and we are heavily dependent on it. The conservation of water is very important and necessary to have a healthy and long-lasting life. Conserving the water is not difficult, it saves money, and it is beneficial to our future. Water conservation has become the need of the day. The idea of ground water recharging by harvesting rainwater is gaining importance in many cities. In the forest, water seeps gently into the ground as vegetation retards the flow of water over the surface.
Central Idea: Our water is a treasured resource that should be protected for our future generations I. About 70% of the earths surface is covered with water. (show globe) A. Of all this water, only.3% is usable by humans, the remaining % is either unusable salt water or . Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now!