Numbers beginning a sentence, as well as numbers below 10 or, if you prefer, 12 should be spelled out when they appear within the text. If a table, appendix, illustration, or graph is too wide or long, or both, to fit within the specified margins, have it reduced, or if textual material, type it using a smaller font.
Whenever possible, avoid inserting tables which must be read by turning the book sideways. If such a table is necessary, be sure to insert it with the heading to the spine or binding. You may also use a condensed typeface. For style guides other than APA, if you have more than one work by the same author, do not repeat his or her name over and over. Use ten underscore characters, ending with a period if the author is exactly the same as the previous one, or with a comma if the author is the first of a series of new authors, as shown below.
Single space the entry; double space between entries. Indent the second and subsequent lines one-half inch. Note that authors with two initials have a space after the period between each initial, e. Do not allow initials to break between lines; keep them together on one line or the other. Regardless of the style guide you use, avoid having one or two lines of an entry on one page and the rest of the citation on the next page. The entry should be cited in its entirety on one page or the other.
The way you cite an author in your manuscript is based on the context. If you are attributing an idea that you paraphrased to someone, use the name and date according to APA style such as Jones, , or as shown in the first sentence below.
Also, specific information or ideas need a page number even if paraphrased. For example, the following brief passage refers to the same publication by a hypothetical author:. Review the whole manuscript to be sure that every work referred to in the manuscript is cited in the text or footnotes and included in the bibliography. Four or more lines of a quotation should be set off from the main text with a double space, typed single spaced with no quotation marks, and the entire block indented one-half inch.
Quotations within these block or indented quotations may use double quotations. The first line of the quotation is not indented; however, the first lines of new paragraphs within the quotation should begin with an additional indent of one-half inch. Each appendix should have the proper designation at the top of the first page. A title page does not need to be inserted before each one. Use the following format, centered between the left and right margins, beginning two inches from the top of the page:.
If you have material that, because of its format, needs to have a title page because the title doesn't fit on the same page as the material , you need to consistently use title pages for all appendices. Avoid it if you can. Again, all material in an appendix must fit within the overall page margins.
It is necessary to obtain letters of permission for the reproduction of any copyrighted material which exceeds the Federal law pertaining to "Fair Use. Copies of the letters do not need to be included in the dissertation. The abstract is a brief summary of the contents of the dissertation.
Begin typing the abstract two inches from the top of a blank page with no heading. The abstract should be typed double-spaced with the same typeface and margins as the dissertation. The length of the abstract should be limited to words. The abstract title page is identical to the dissertation title page with one exception: Each abstract is stapled in the upper left corner and kept separate from the dissertation.
The chairperson of the dissertation committee should sign one copy of the abstract title page. The following section includes sample dissertation pages which should be followed carefully.
Refer to the preceding section for more detailed information on format requirements. Students should follow the instructions on these sample pages rather than using a dissertation from the library or elsewhere as a guide. Format requirements differ from year to year and from school to school.
Dissertation Formatting Guidelines This section describes the dissertation format that all NYUSteinhardt doctoral candidates are required to follow. Choice of Style Manual Faculty policy leaves the choice of a style manual to the doctoral candidate with the advice and consent of his or her committee.
Typically, the following style manuals are used by NYUSteinhardt students: Print and Copy Quality Your printer must produce consistently black letters and consistent margins. Typefaces The School and ProQuest UMI allow students to use typefaces that are between 10 and 12 points; however, because 10 point can appear too small in most typefaces, 12 point is generally preferred. Do not justify the right margin of your text; keep it left aligned like the text shown here.
Margins To assure proper binding and for ease of reading, the following margins are required: Page numbers for all pages preceding page 1 of Chapter I lower case roman numerals for Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, etc.
Page numbers from page 1 of Chapter I through the last page of the last appendix should be placed three-quarters of an inch from the top or bottom, centered between the left and right margins.
See the next section for sample dissertation pages. White Space Avoid leaving more than two inches of white space without type. Line Spacing Double space the entire manuscript with these exceptions which should be single-spaced: Pagination The title page is counted as page one and the copyright page as page two, but numbers do not appear on them. Order of Sections The material of your manuscript should be ordered as follows: Table of Contents and Lists of Tables and Figures Because a dissertation does not have an index, your Table of Contents should be as comprehensive as possible.
The following illustrates this: Chapter Titles and Headings Chapter headings and titles appear as follows, beginning two inches from the top of the page: Numbering Conventions Chapter numbers are upper case roman numerals with no period , e. Reduction of Tables and Other Materials If a table, appendix, illustration, or graph is too wide or long, or both, to fit within the specified margins, have it reduced, or if textual material, type it using a smaller font.
Bibliographic Entries For style guides other than APA, if you have more than one work by the same author, do not repeat his or her name over and over. Citations in Text The way you cite an author in your manuscript is based on the context. In defining a dissertation topic, the student collaborates with her or his faculty advisor or dissertation advisor if one is selected in the choice of a topic for the dissertation.
Students submit a draft of the proposal to their dissertation advisor between the end of the seventh and middle of the ninth quarters. The student must provide a written copy of the proposal to the faculty committee no later than two weeks prior to the date of the proposal hearing.
Committee members could require an earlier deadline e. The major components of the proposal are as follows, with some variations across Areas and disciplines:. Refer to the Registration or Enrollment for Milestone Completion section for more details. As students progress through the program, their interests may change. A dissertation proposal committee is comprised of three academic council faculty members, one of whom will serve as the major dissertation advisor.
There is no requirement that a program advisor serve, although very often he or she does. Members of the dissertation proposal committee may be drawn from other area committees within the GSE, from other departments in the University, or from emeriti faculty.
All three members must be on the Academic Council; if the student desires the expertise of a non-Academic Council member, it may be possible to petition. After the hearing, a memorandum listing the changes to be made will be written and submitted with the signed proposal cover sheet and a copy of the proposal itself to the Doctoral Programs Officer.
Review and approval of the dissertation proposal occurs normally during the third year. The proposal hearing seeks to review the quality and feasibility of the proposal. The Second-Year Review and the Proposal Hearing are separate milestones and may not occur as part of the same hearing or meeting. The student and the dissertation advisor are responsible for scheduling a formal meeting or hearing to review the proposal; the student and proposal committee convene for this evaluative period.
ii Guidelines for Writing Research Proposals and Dissertations The following information presents guidelines for preparing and writing research papers and reports, including theses and dissertations.
Dissertation Proposal Outline Most universities offer comprehensive guidelines in their dissertation manuals about how to set up and organize the dissertation and the proposal. In the Social Sciences, most dissertations are .
The Department requires that specific attention be given to various aspects of the doctoral dissertation. The following ideas may be useful to doctoral students in the initial stages of writing their dissertation proposal. The suggested outline is only a guide and students may depart from it in any way that more effectively presents the specific problem to . CLINICAL DISSERTATION GUIDELINES 2 INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL DISSERTATION The faculty of Medaille College’s PsyD Program in Clinical Psychology views the dissertation to be an essential component of doctoral education. The clinical dissertation CLINICAL DISSERTATION PROPOSAL. the. a.).
Ph.D. Dissertation Proposal Guidelines. In the English Department, the Dissertation Proposal is submitted for review by the student’s entire dissertation committee once the written and oral comprehensive exams are completed. The student meets with the committee for the purpose of discussing the proposal and the first stages of the. In writing a dissertation proposal, there is a certain format that is being used, which is a step-by-step process of presenting the proposal. A dissertation.